Hello Everyone, in this post will learn how to download Selenium dependencies using Gradle.
Selenium dependencies/JAR files are required to run a web automation testing in IntelliJ. Downloading the libraries and adding those to the project’s build path one by one is a tedious and time-consuming process. To overcome this problem, we are going to use Gradle, a powerful build management tool which helps in the automatic download and configuration of dependencies or other libraries.
- Download and Install JAVA
- Download and Install IntelliJ
To download Selenium dependencies, we need to create a Gradle project in IntelliJ.
Create New Gradle Project in IntelliJ
Step 1: Launch IntelliJ by double-clicking the application
Step 2: Click Create New Project
Step 3: In the next screen,
- Select Gradle
- IntelliJ automatically adds Project SDK (JDK)
- JAVA (Default option)
- Click Next
Step 4: Enter ArtifactId and Click Next
Note: ArtifactId is basically our Project Name
Step 5: In the next screen,
- Select auto-import (Option to resolve all changes made to Gradle project automatically)
- Select Create separate module per source set (Default Option)
- Use default Gradle wrapper (Default option)
- Click Next
Step 6: Click Finish
Step 7: New Gradle Project has been created successfully. Project Structure should exactly look similar.
Download Selenium Dependencies
Following Selenium dependencies are required to run an automation test,
- Selenium Java
Step 1: Open the build.gradle file
Step 2: Let’s understand the build.gradle file quickly. Two important sections to note down are,
- Repositories section has the name of the remote repository that is used to search for dependencies. Gradle supports Maven and Ivy repository to look for dependencies.
- Dependencies section has the entry to the dependencies. This triggers Gradle to download the libraries/JAR files during the gradle build from the remote repository specified in the repository section.
Step 3: Navigate to https://mvnrepository.com/
Step 4: Search for ‘Selenium’ in the search box and click Search
Step 5: You should see the search results as below,
Step 6: Click Selenium Java -> Select latest version – > Select Gradle tab
Step 7: Copy the text and paste in the build.gradle file under the dependencies section
compile group: 'org.seleniumhq.selenium', name: 'selenium-java', version: '3.141.59'
After you pasted the code, Gradle automatically triggers the selenium dependency download and add the required Selenium JAR files to the project. Selenium JAR files are found under External Libraries section.
Step 9: build.gradle file should exactly look similar.
Selenium Dependencies are downloaded successfully!
If dependencies are not downloaded,
- Check the auto-import option for Gradle in Preferences/Settings screen.
- Try using ‘jcenter()’ instead of ‘mavenCentral()’ under the repositories section in the build.gradle file
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