Hello Everyone, in this post will learn how to download Selenium dependencies using Gradle.

Selenium dependencies/JAR files are required to run a web automation testing in IntelliJ. Downloading the libraries and adding those to the project’s build path one by one is a tedious and time-consuming process. To overcome this problem, we are going to use Gradle, a powerful build management tool which helps in the automatic download and configuration of dependencies or other libraries.

Pre-requisite : 

To download Selenium dependencies, we need to create a Gradle project in IntelliJ.

Create New Gradle Project in IntelliJ

Step 1: Launch IntelliJ by double-clicking the application

New Project

Step 2: Click Create New Project

Step 3: In the next screen,

  1. Select Gradle
  2. IntelliJ automatically adds Project SDK (JDK)
  3. JAVA (Default option)
  4. Click Next

Step 4: Enter ArtifactId and Click Next

Note: ArtifactId is basically our Project Name


Step 5: In the next screen,

  • Select auto-import (Option to resolve all changes made to Gradle project automatically)
  • Select Create separate module per source set (Default Option)
  • Use default Gradle wrapper (Default option)
  • Click Next

Step 6: Click Finish

Step 7: New Gradle Project has been created successfully. Project Structure should exactly look similar.

IntelliJ Project

Download Selenium Dependencies

Following Selenium dependencies are required to run an automation test,

  • Selenium Java
Gradle file

Step 1: Open the build.gradle file 

Step 2: Let’s understand the build.gradle file quickly. Two important sections to note down are,

  • Repositories
    • Repositories section has the name of the remote repository that is used to search for dependencies. Gradle supports Maven and Ivy repository to look for dependencies.
  • Dependencies
    • Dependencies section has the entry to the dependencies. This triggers Gradle to download the libraries/JAR files during the gradle build from the remote repository specified in the repository section.
Build.Gradle File

Step 3: Navigate to https://mvnrepository.com/

Step 4: Search for ‘Selenium’ in the search box and click Search

Download Selenium Dependencies

Step 5: You should see the search results as below,

Download Selenium Dependencies

Step 6: Click Selenium Java -> Select latest version – > Select Gradle tab

Download Selenium Dependencies

Step 7: Copy the text and paste in the build.gradle file under the dependencies section

 compile group: 'org.seleniumhq.selenium', name: 'selenium-java', version: '3.141.59'

After you pasted the code, Gradle automatically triggers the selenium dependency download and add the required Selenium JAR files to the project. Selenium JAR files are found under External Libraries section.

Step 9: build.gradle file should exactly look similar.

Download Selenium Dependencies

Selenium Dependencies are downloaded successfully!

Troubleshooting tips

If dependencies are not downloaded,

  • Check the auto-import option for Gradle in Preferences/Settings screen.
  • Try using ‘jcenter()’ instead of ‘mavenCentral()’ under the repositories section in the build.gradle file

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